The Management and Prevention of Diabetes in Cats

While there may not be a cure for diabetes in cats, it can be managed quite successfully.

A Quick Overview of Diagnosing Diabetes in Cats

The following can help diagnose diabetes in cats:

  • Confirm clinical signs
  • Test glucose levels in urine
  • Test glucose levels in blood
  • Measure concentrations of fructosamine (a molecule) in the blood

Diabetes Treatment Goals

  • Normalize appetite
  • Reduce or eliminate signs of weight loss
  • Restore normal blood glucose concentration
  • Reduce or eliminate signs of increased thirst and urination
  • Avoid causing inappropriately low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) through therapy

The objective is to eliminate signs of diabetes while avoiding associated complications.

Complications of Diabetes

  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Low blood sugar
  • Impaired coordination
  • Poor hair coat (not grooming)
  • Plantigrade stance caused by nerve damage
  • Recurring ketosis (body doesn’t have enough glucose for energy)
  • Poor glycemic control caused by simultaneous infection, inflammation, hormonal disorders or neoplasia

Treating & Managing Diabetes in Cats

Dietary Management

  • Possibly a diet restricted in carbohydrates
  • Weight loss programme for overweight cats
  • Diet that combats weight loss associated with diabetes, if applicable
  • Multiple meals per day or unrestricted access to food if weight loss is problem

Insulin Therapy

  • Initial insulin therapy
  • Frequent evaluations
  • Insulin therapy adjustments
  • Continue above until an effective treatment protocol is determined

Owners can learn how to administer insulin injections and (along with their cats) usually adapt well.

IMPORTANT: CAT INSULIN = DIFFERENT FROM DOG INSULIN = DIFFERENT FROM HUMAN INSULIN

Preventing Diabetes in Cats

You can reduce your cat’s risk of developing diabetes by taking the following steps:

  1. Watch your cat’s weight
  2. Encourage and provide means for physical and mental exercise
  3. Proper diet: some recommend a high-protein, low-carb, grain-free diet
  4. Never skip regular check-ups and contact your vet if you’re concerned about any changes
  5. Take your cat for regular blood and urine screenings

There’s Hope

Cats with diabetes can live a high quality life for many years if the condition is properly controlled.

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The Importance Of Catching and Diagnosing Diabetes In Dogs Early Read Now

Diabetes In Dogs: Symptoms Read Now

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